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Table 2 Matrix of factors reported by papers to attract care seekers to different provider types: Proximity and timeliness of services

From: Improving access to health care for malaria in Africa: a review of literature on what attracts patients

Provider type Community health workers (n = 7) Drug shop/pharmacy (n = 23) Traditional healer (n = 5) Private health centre/facility (n = 6) Public health centre/facility (n = 10) Hospital (n = 2) Provider type not specified (n = 12)
Attracting factor        
Proximity or easy access/lower cost of transport (n = 42) 'Close by' Uganda [54]Nigeria & Ghana & Uganda & Kenya[55], Ethiopia[10, 13], Nigeria [56, 57] 'Close by' Uganda [54, 32, 16, 18], Ethiopia [22]Ghana[29], Kenya[14], Nigeria [28, 26, 58, 57]Malawi[59, 24] 'Close by' Uganda [16], Nigeria [20, 58] 'Close by' Nigeria [28], Ghana [21] 'Close by' Health centre Zambia[60], Uganda[12, 16], Gambia[40], Burkina Faso[61], Nigeria [62] 'Close by' Nigeria [58] Nigeria [58]Burkina Faso[61], 'Close by'Ethiopia [52]Sudan[64], Nigeria [20, 48], Ghana [21] Tanzania [47, 4]Uganda[46], Kenya [38]
  'Easy access' Uganda[17] (traditional birth attendants) 'Less travel' Ghana [43], Tanzania[15] Malawi [36] 'Easy access' Uganda[32]   'Easy access' Uganda[41]Kenya[63]   'Easy access' Mozambique[51], Tanzania[53], Kenya [49]
   'Save on transport cost' Nigeria [27] Ghana [21] Kenya [30]      Save on transport cost' Kenya [38], Mozambique[51], Ghana [21]
Provider timeliness of services (opening hours and waiting times) (n = 21) 'Short waiting time' Nigeria [56] 'Available 24 hrs' Kenya[14], Nigeria[19] 'Available at convenient hours' Tanzania [34] 'Operate for longer hours' Ghana[65] 'Fast services for malaria cases' Nigeria [66]   'Short waiting time' Ethiopia [52], Ghana [21], Kenya [38, 49]Uganda[46] Nigeria [48]
   'Longer opening hours' Nigeria[20], Uganda[18]   'Short waiting time' Kenya[14], Nigeria [28] 'Short waiting time' Ethiopia [39]   
   'Convenient treatment times' Ghana [43]   'Provide faster services' Kenya[35]    
   'Short waiting time' Ghana [21, 43], Ethiopia [22], Tanzania [31] Malawi [36], Uganda[18] 'Provide fast services' Uganda[18]      
  1. Note: Papers providing a rich description of attracting factors are marked in bold; findings from methods involving open-ended questions are underlined.