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Table 3 Matrix of factors reported by papers to attract care seekers to different provider types: Belief in provider and ability to choose drugs

From: Improving access to health care for malaria in Africa: a review of literature on what attracts patients

Provider type Community health workers
(n = 3)
Drug shop/pharmacy
(n = 7)
Traditional healer
(n = 27)
Private health centre/facility
(n = 10)
Public health centre/facility
(n = 11)
Hospital
(n = 8)
Provider type not specified
(n = 8)
Attracting factor        
Belief the provider and/or their treatments can cure the illness (n = 51) 'Their drugs work well'
Nigeria & Ghana & Uganda & Kenya[55], Nigeria [57, 56]
Nigeria[19, 27], Uganda[17, 18], Ghana[29] Tanzania [34, 67, 44, 68, 69]Uganda[70], Malawi[59, 24] Nigeria [20, 71, 19, 26]Kenya[35], Ghana[72], Uganda[32], Burkina Faso[61], Gabon[73], Ghana [82, 21]
Tanzania[83, 84],Uganda[11, 17]Nigeria[85, 86]Kenya[35, 63],
Ethiopia [87]Zambia[60], Nigeria [26, 66, 86], Burkina Faso[61], Gabon[73], Malawi[59], Tanzania [88], Uganda [89] Gambia [90], Nigeria[85, 20, 86]Tanzania [44, 76]Burkina Faso[61], Ghana [21] Tanzania [68, 67, 91], Uganda[17, 45]
Burkina Faso [92], Ghana [21]
Ethiopia [52]
    'Effective for convulsions associated to witchcraft' Zambia[60],   'Treatment is comprehensive' Kenya[14]   
    'Effective for convulsions' Nigeria [20, 74], Tanzania [75, 76]Ethiopia[77]     
    'Effective for illnesses with natural or spiritual cause'
Zambia[78], Tanzania [79, 80]Nigeria[74], Ghana [21]
    
    'Effective for illness unusual in presentation' Nigeria [81],     
Provider allows the patient to choose what they want (n = 2)   'Can buy any quantity of drugs you want' Nigeria[26]      
   'Can make a choice on the kind of drug' Nigeria [58]      
  1. Note: Papers providing a rich description of attracting factors are marked in bold; findings from methods involving open-ended questions are underlined.