Skip to main content

Table 3 Characteristics of pregnant women (number (%) unless otherwise specified)

From: Effectiveness of the delivery of interventions to prevent malaria in pregnancy in Kenya

  Level 4 Level 3 Level 2 Overall
Number 473 198 114 785
Mean age (SD) 23.8 (5.9) 23.5 (5.6) 24.7 (6.8) 23.9 (6.0)
Age group
 <15 years 4 (0.9) 3 (1.5) 2 (1.8) 9 (1.2)
 15–20 years 117 (24.7) 48 (24.2) 28 (24.6) 193 (24.6)
 20–29 years 269 (56.9) 114 (57.6) 57 (50.0) 440 (56.1)
 30–39 years 75 (15.9) 30 (15.2) 22 (19.3) 127 (16.2)
 40–49 years 8 (1.69) 1 (0.5) 4 (3.5) 13 (1.7)
 ≥50 years 0 (0.0) 2 (1.0) 1 (0.9) 3 (0.4)
Marital status
 Single 77 (16.5) 40 (20.2) 17 (15.0) 134 (17.3)
 Married 384 (82.4) 154 (77.8) 92 (81.4) 630 (81.2)
 Divorced 2 (0.4) 3 (1.5) 4 (3.5) 9 (1.2)
 Widowed 3 (0.6) 1 (0.5) 0 (0.0) 4 (0.5)
Highest level of education
 None 144 (30.4) 84 (42.4) 70 (61.4) 298 (38.0)
 Primary 271 (57.3) 99 (50.0) 38 (33.3) 408 (52.0)
 Secondary 41 (8.7) 11 (5.6) 5 (4.4) 57 (7.3)
 Higher education 17 (3.6) 4 (2.0) 1 (0.9) 22 (2.8)
Gravidity 
 Primi 145 (30.7) 71 (35.9) 27 (23.7) 243 (31.0)
 2–3 272 (57.5) 101 (51.0) 56 (49.1) 429 (54.7)
 4+ 56 (11.8) 26 (13.1) 31 (27.2) 113 (14.4)
Number of children under 5
 0 209 (44.6) 85 (43.2) 35 (31.5) 329 (42.3)
 1 141 (30.1) 65 (33.0) 37 (33.3) 243 (31.3)
 2–4 117 (25.0) 45 (22.8) 39 (35.1) 201 (25.9)
 5+ 2 (0.4) 2 (1.0) 0 (0.0) 4 (0.5)
Socioeconomic status group 
 Poorest 44 (13.1) 28 (16.5) 51 (48.1) 123 (20.1)
 Very poor 54 (16.0) 50 (29.4) 19 (17.9) 123 (20.1)
 Poor 63 (18.7) 45 (26.5) 14 (13.2) 122 (19.9)
 Less poor 79 (23.4) 29 (17.1) 15 (14.2) 123 (20.1)
 Least poor 97 (28.8) 18 (10.6) 7 (6.6) 122 (19.9)
 Missing a 136 28 8 172
Gestation trimester 
 First 12 (2.5) 5 (2.5) 3 (2.6) 20 (2.6)
 2nd 155 (32.8) 68 (34.3) 36 (31.6) 259 (33.0)
 3rd 228 (48.2) 98 (49.5) 67 (58.8) 393 (50.1)
 Missing 78 (16.5) 27 (13.6) 8 (7.0) 113 (14.4)
ANC visit number 
 1 190 (40.2) 111 (55.8) 43 (37.4) 344 (43.7)
 2 117 (24.7) 35 (17.6) 32 (27.8) 184 (23.4)
 3 82 (17.3) 22 (11.1) 19 (16.5) 123 (15.6)
 4 32 (6.8) 8 (4.0) 12 (10.4) 52 (6.6)
 5 6 (1.3) 2 (1.0) 0 (0.0) 8 (1.0)
 6 3 (0.6) 2 (1.0) 0 (0.0) 5 (0.6)
 Missing 43 (9.1) 19 (9.6) 9 (7.8) 71 (9.0)
Reason for visit
 Routine ANC 325 (95.9) 162 (95.3) 102 (96.2) 587 (95.8)
 Routine ANC + ill 2 (0.6) 3 (1.8) 1 (0.9) 6 (1.0)
 Ill 10 (3.0) 4 (2.4) 3 (2.8) 17 (2.8)
 Missing 136 29 8 175
  1. aInformation on assets was only collected for participants completing exit interviews
  2. ANC antenatal care; SD standard deviation