Skip to main content

Table 3 Risk factors associated with asymptomatic carriage among pregnant women surveyed at the household level in Burkina Faso in 2017

From: Asymptomatic malaria and anaemia among pregnant women during high and low malaria transmission seasons in Burkina Faso: household-based cross-sectional surveys in Burkina Faso, 2013 and 2017

Potential factors N MiP cases Univariate analysis Multivariable analysis
PR (95% CI) p Adj. PR (95% CI) p
Age     < 0.001a   < 0.001a
 ≥ 30 623 18 1   1  
 20–30 275 41 5.16 (3.02–8.82)   1.71 (1.01–2.91)  
 ≤ 20 933 58 2.15 (1.28–3.62)   2.73 (1.32–5.67)  
Trimester of pregnancy     < 0.001a   < 0.001a
 First 426 21 1   1  
 Second 709 53 0.74 (0.5–1.09)   0.71 (0.49–1.03)  
 Third 697 43 0.30 (0.18–0.50)   0.28 (0.17–0.47)  
Parity     < 0.001a   0.052
 Multigravida 1325 55 1   1  
 Secundigravida 310 32 2.49 (1.64–3.78)   1.75 (1.07–2.87)  
 Primigravida 196 30 3.69 (2.43–5.61)   2.07 (1.10–3.90) 0.10
Insecticide-treated nets     0.020a   
 At least one 1762 108 1   1  
 No insecticide-treated nets 69 9 2.13 (1.13–4.02)   1.58 (0.80–3.11)  
Education     0.58   0.81
 No education 1755 111 1   1  
 Educated 76 6 1.25 (0.57–2.75)   1.09 (0.49–2.4)  
Household socioeconomic     0.14   0.59
 Middle quintile 360 23 1   1  
 Poorest 334 31 1.45 (0.87–2.44)   1.28 (0.76–2.15)  
 Poor 363 22 0.95 (0.54–1.67)   0.93 (0.53–1.62)  
 Rich 375 17 0.71 (0.39–1.31)   0.83 (0.46–1.52)  
 Richest 399 24 0.94 (0.54–1.64)   0.92 (0.55–1.56)  
Place of residence     0.10   0.15
 Rural 1685 103 1   1  
 Urban 146 14 1.57 (0.92–2.67)   1.46 (0.87–2.44)  
  1. PR prevalence ratio, Adj. adjusted, MiP malaria in pregnancy, aSignificant at the 0.05 level