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Table 2 Factors associated with a clinician recommending a malaria diagnostic test

From: Do clinicians in areas of declining malaria transmission adhere to malaria diagnosis guidelines? A cross-sectional study from Kampala, Uganda

Characteristic Percent requested (n/N) Unadjusted Prevalence Ratio (95%CI) PP-value Adjusted Prevalence Ratio (95%CI) P-value
Age categories  
  < 18 91.6 (76/83) Reference    
  ≥ 18 93.3 (280/300) 1.02 (0.948–1.110) 0.603 0.97 (0.890–1.057) 0.486
Sex  
 Male 95.2 (160/168) Reference    
 Female 91.2 (196/215) 0.96 (0.907–1.010) 0.110   
Marital status  
 Single 92.0 (217/236) Reference    
 Married 96.8 (121/125) 1.06 (1.011–1.117) 0.017 1.07 (1.010–1.130) 0.022*
Education level  
 Primary or lower 90.0 (135/150) Reference    
 Secondary 94.3 (182/193) 1.05 (0.983–1.117) 0.151 1.05 (0.989–1.124) 0.103
 Tertiary 97.5 (39/40) 1.08 (1.007–1.165) 0.032 1.09 (1.007–1.172) 0.031*
Bed net use (the night before the survey)  
 No 90.6 (125/138) Reference    
 Yes 94.3 (231/245) 1.04 (0.978–1.108) 0.206   
History of overnight travel  
 No 90.0 (189/210) Reference    
 Yes 96.5 (167/173) 1.07 (1.017–1.131) 0.010 1.07 (1.016–1.130) 0.011*
Last malaria infection  
 Never 89.7 (26/29) Reference    
  < 28 days 93.0 (53/57) 1.04 (0.899–1.196) 0.617 1.03 (0.881–1.197) 0.734
  > 28 days 96.7 (89/92) 1.04 (0.916–1.182) 0.544 1.02 (0.884–1.179) 0.779
  1. *Shows statistical significant results