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  1. Mosquito-proofing of houses using wire mesh screens is gaining greater recognition as a practical intervention for reducing exposure to malaria transmitting mosquitoes. Screening potentially protects all perso...

    Authors: Peter Njoroge Ng’ang’a, Collins Okoyo, Charles Mbogo and Clifford Maina Mutero

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:341

    Content type: Research

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  2. The National Malaria Control Programme (NMCP) of Mali has had recent success decreasing malaria transmission using 3rd generation indoor residual spraying (IRS) products in areas with pyrethroid resistance, pr...

    Authors: Joseph Wagman, Idrissa Cissé, Diakalkia Kone, Seydou Fomba, Erin Eckert, Jules Mihigo, Elie Bankineza, Mamadou Bah, Diadier Diallo, Christelle Gogue, Kenzie Tynuv, Andrew Saibu, Jason H. Richardson, Christen Fornadel, Laurence Slutsker and Molly Robertson

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:340

    Content type: Research

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  3. Many malaria endemic countries are heading towards malaria elimination through the use of case management and vector control strategies, which employ surveillance, improving access to early diagnosis, prompt t...

    Authors: Praveen K. Bharti, Harsh Rajvanshi, Sekh Nisar, Himanshu Jayswar, Kalyan B. Saha, Man Mohan Shukla, Ashok K. Mishra, Ravendra K. Sharma, Aparup Das, Harpreet Kaur, Suman L. Wattal and Altaf A. Lal

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:339

    Content type: Research

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  4. Plasmodium falciparum parasites are known to exhibit extensive genetic diversity in areas of high transmission intensity and infected individuals in such communities often harbour several complex mixtures of para...

    Authors: Segun Isaac Oyedeji, Peter Usman Bassi, Samuel Adeola Oyedeji, Olusola Ojurongbe and Henrietta Oluwatoyin Awobode

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:338

    Content type: Research

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  5. Use of insecticide-treated net (ITN) has been identified by the World Health Organization as an effective approach for malaria prevention. The government of Uganda has instituted measures to enhance ITN supply...

    Authors: Edward Kwabena Ameyaw, Yusuf Olushola Kareem and Sanni Yaya

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:337

    Content type: Research

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  6. Malaria remains the top infectious disease threat facing the U.S. military in many forward operating environments. Compliance with malaria chemoprophylaxis remains a critical component in preventing malaria in...

    Authors: Jeffrey Livezey, Patrick Twomey, Meshell Morrison, Susan Cicatelli, Elizabeth H. Duncan, Melinda Hamer, Christine Lee, Jack Hutter, Kristin Mills, Jesse DeLuca, Lucas Poon, Daniel Selig, Chau Vuong, Jason Sousa, Thomas Oliver, Jason Bennett…

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:336

    Content type: Research

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  7. Haemosporidians (Apicomplexa, Protista) are obligate heteroxenous parasites of vertebrates and blood-sucking dipteran insects. Avian haemosporidians comprise more than 250 species traditionally classified into...

    Authors: Josef Harl, Tanja Himmel, Gediminas Valkiūnas, Mikas Ilgūnas, Támas Bakonyi and Herbert Weissenböck

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:335

    Content type: Research

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  8. The emergence and spread of artemisinin resistance in Plasmodium falciparum poses a threat to malaria eradication, including China’s plan to eliminate malaria by 2020. Piperaquine (PPQ) resistance has emerged in ...

    Authors: Fang Huang, Biraj Shrestha, Hui Liu, Lin-Hua Tang, Shui-Sen Zhou, Xiao-Nong Zhou, Shannon Takala-Harrison, Pascal Ringwald, Myaing M. Nyunt and Christopher V. Plowe

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:334

    Content type: Research

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  9. Irrigation systems have been identified as one of the factors promoting malaria disease around agricultural farms in sub-Saharan Africa. However, if improved water management strategy is adopted during rice cu...

    Authors: Innocent Djègbè, Merdie Zinsou, Edia Flavien Dovonou, Geneviève Tchigossou, Murielle Soglo, Razack Adéoti, Brice Gbaguidi, Seun Atoyebi, Fabrice Chandre, Martin Akogbéto, Jo Lines and Rousseau Djouaka

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:333

    Content type: Research

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  10. Malaria programmes in countries with low transmission levels require evidence to optimize deployment of current and new tools to reach elimination with limited resources. Recent pilots of elimination strategie...

    Authors: Katya Galactionova, Mar Velarde, Kafula Silumbe, John Miller, Anthony McDonnell, Ricardo Aguas, Thomas A. Smith and Melissa A. Penny

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:332

    Content type: Research

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  11. Making insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) utilization a social norm would support the global goal of malaria eradication and Ethiopian national aim of its elimination by 2030. Jimma zone is one of the endemic set...

    Authors: Yohannes Kebede, Lakew Abebe, Guda Alemayehu, Morankar Sudhakar and Zewdie Birhanu

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:331

    Content type: Research

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  12. In Togo, the National Malaria Control Programme, in collaboration with the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, has implemented a pilot study for malaria sentinel surveillance since 2017, which...

    Authors: Anne Thomas, Tchaa A. Bakai, Tinah Atcha-Oubou, Tchassama Tchadjobo and Nicolas Voirin

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:330

    Content type: Research

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  13. Prompt diagnosis and effective malaria treatment is a key strategy in malaria control. However, the recommended diagnostic methods, microscopy and rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs), are not supported by robust qu...

    Authors: James Gachugia, Winnie Chebore, Kephas Otieno, Caroline Wangari Ngugi, Adano Godana and Simon Kariuki

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:329

    Content type: Research

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  14. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Valérie Briand, Gilles Cottrell, Nicaise Tuikue Ndam, Xavier Martiáñez–Vendrell, Bertin Vianou, Atika Mama, Bienvenue Kouwaye, Sandrine Houzé, Justine Bailly, Erasme Gbaguidi, Darius Sossou, Achille Massougbodji, Manfred Accrombessi, Alfredo Mayor, Xavier C. Ding and Nadine Fievet

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:328

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in Malaria Journal 2020 19:188

  15. Plasmodium parasites manipulate the interaction between their mosquito and human hosts. Patients infected with gametocytes attract anopheline mosquitoes differentially compared to healthy individuals, an effect a...

    Authors: Yared Debebe, Sharon Rose Hill, Göran Birgersson, Habte Tekie and Rickard Ignell

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:327

    Content type: Research

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  16. Indoor residual spraying (IRS) is an effective method to control malaria-transmitting Anopheles mosquitoes and often complements insecticide-treated mosquito nets, the predominant malaria vector control intervent...

    Authors: Sadie J. Ryan, Anne C. Martin, Bhavneet Walia, Anna Winters and David A. Larsen

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:326

    Content type: Research

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  17. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Daniele Rocha, Gisely Cardoso de Melo, José Marcelo Hipólito Carneiro, Marisa Ribeiro, Sthefanie Ribeiro, Daniela Tupy de Godoy, Elaine Costa, Anne Cristine Gomes de Almeida, Elisabete Ferreira de Andrade, Cláudia Maria de Moura Abrahim, Nelson Abrahim Fraiji, Antonio Gomes Pinto Ferreira, Wuelton Marcelo Monteiro, Rodrigo Brindeiro, Amilcar Tanuri, Marcus Vinicius Guimarães de Lacerda…

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:325

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in Malaria Journal 2020 19:275

  18. Microscopy performed on stained films of peripheral blood for detection, identification and quantification of malaria parasites is an essential reference standard for clinical trials of drugs, vaccines and dia...

    Authors: Mehul Dhorda, El Hadji Ba, J. Kevin Baird, John Barnwell, David Bell, Jane Y. Carter, Arjen Dondorp, Lenny Ekawati, Michelle Gatton, Iveth González, Philippe J. Guérin, Sandra Incardona, Ken Lilley, Didier Menard, François Nosten, Peter Obare…

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:324

    Content type: Review

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  19. Circumsporozoite surface protein (CSP) of malaria parasites has been recognized as one of the leading vaccine candidates. Clinical trials of vaccines for vivax malaria incorporating Plasmodium vivax CSP (PvCSP) h...

    Authors: Tuấn Cường Võ, Hương Giang Lê, Jung-Mi Kang, Mya Moe, Haung Naw, Moe Kyaw Myint, Jinyoung Lee, Woon-Mok Sohn, Tong-Soo Kim and Byoung-Kuk Na

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:303

    Content type: Research

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  20. The recent expansion of tools designed to accurately quantify malaria parasite-produced antigens has enabled us to evaluate the performance of rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) as a function of the antigens they d...

    Authors: Emily N. Reichert, Jen C. C. Hume, Issaka Sagara, Sara A. Healy, Mahamadoun H. Assadou, Merepen A. Guindo, Rebecca Barney, Andy Rashid, Ihn Kyung Yang, Allison Golden, Gonzalo J. Domingo, Patrick E. Duffy and Hannah C. Slater

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:323

    Content type: Research

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  21. Few recent descriptions of severe childhood malaria have been published from high-transmission regions. In the current study, the clinical epidemiology of severe malaria in Mbale, Eastern Uganda, is described,...

    Authors: Peter Olupot-Olupot, Charles Engoru, Julius Nteziyaremye, Martin Chebet, Tonny Ssenyondo, Rita Muhindo, Gideon Nyutu, Alexander W. Macharia, Sophie Uyoga, Carolyne M. Ndila, Charles Karamagi, Kathryn Maitland and Thomas N. Williams

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:322

    Content type: Research

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  22. Malaria remains a serious public health problem globally. As the elimination of indigenous malaria continues in China, imported malaria has gradually become a major health hazard. Well-timed and accurate diagn...

    Authors: Yiting Xie, Kai Wu, Weijia Cheng, Tingting Jiang, Yi Yao, Mingxing Xu, Yan Yang, Huabing Tan and Jian Li

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:321

    Content type: Research

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  23. Despite several control interventions resulting in a considerable decrease in malaria prevalence in the Union of the Comoros, the disease remains a public health problem with high transmission in Grande Comore...

    Authors: Nasserdine Papa Mze, Hervé Bogreau, Cyrille K. Diedhiou, Vendela Herdell, Silai Rahamatou, Amy K. Bei, Sarah K. Volkman, Leonardo Basco, Souleymane Mboup and Ambroise D. Ahouidi

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:320

    Content type: Research

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  24. The use of molecular diagnostics has revealed an unexpectedly large number of asymptomatic low-density malaria infections in many malaria endemic areas. This study compared the gains in parasite prevalence obt...

    Authors: Maria Gruenberg, Clara Antunes Moniz, Natalie E. Hofmann, Cristian Koepfli, Leanne J. Robinson, Elma Nate, Wuelton Marcelo Monteiro, Gisely Cardoso de Melo, Andrea Kuehn, Andre M. Siqueira, Wang Nguitragool, Quique Bassat, Marcus Lacerda, Jetsumon Sattabongkot, Ivo Mueller and Ingrid Felger

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:319

    Content type: Research

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  25. Mosquitoes use odours to find energy resources, blood hosts and oviposition sites. While these odour sources are normally spatio-temporally segregated in a mosquito’s life history, here this study explored to ...

    Authors: Elison E. Kemibala, Agenor Mafra-Neto, Jesse Saroli, Rodrigo Silva, Anitha Philbert, Kija Ng’habi, Woodbridge A. Foster, Teun Dekker and Leonard E. G. Mboera

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:318

    Content type: Research

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  26. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is the most prevalent inborn disorder. This X-chromosome-linked recessive disease affects more than 400 million people globally, and is associated with haemo...

    Authors: Wonsig Lee, Sang-Eun Lee, Min Jun Lee and Kyung Tae Noh

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:317

    Content type: Research

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  27. Hospitalized patients with malaria often present with comorbidities or associated complications for which a variety of drugs are prescribed. Multiple drug therapy often leads to drug–drug interactions (DDIs). ...

    Authors: Sidra Noor, Mohammad Ismail and Faiza Khadim

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:316

    Content type: Research

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  28. Plasmodium malariae is a widely spread but neglected human malaria parasite, which causes chronic infections. Studies on genetic polymorphisms of anti-malarial drug target genes in P. malariae are limited. Previo...

    Authors: Yupawadee Pimpat, Naowarat Saralamba, Usa Boonyuen, Sasithon Pukrittayakamee, Francois Nosten, Frank Smithuis, Nicholas P. J. Day, Arjen M. Dondorp and Mallika Imwong

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:315

    Content type: Research

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  29. Selection pressure from continued exposure to insecticides drives development of insecticide resistance and changes in resting behaviour of malaria vectors. There is need to understand how resistance drives ch...

    Authors: Majidah Hamid-Adiamoh, Alfred Amambua-Ngwa, Davis Nwakanma, Umberto D’Alessandro, Gordon A. Awandare and Yaw A. Afrane

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:314

    Content type: Research

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  30. Rhesus macaques are valuable pre-clinical models for malaria vaccine development. The Plasmodium knowlesi/rhesus and Plasmodium falciparum/rhesus models are two established platforms for malaria vaccine testing, ...

    Authors: Melanie J. Shears, Annette M. Seilie, B. Kim Lee Sim, Stephen L. Hoffman and Sean C. Murphy

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:313

    Content type: Research

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  31. In order to attain the objectives set out in the global technical strategy against malaria 2016–2030, it is important to have accurate epidemiological data on malaria in all age categories, including those whi...

    Authors: Celestin Danwang, Jean Joel Bigna, Rolf Nyah Tuku Nzalie and Annie Robert

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:312

    Content type: Research

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  32. Long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) are the primary malaria prevention and control intervention in many parts of sub-Saharan Africa. While LLINs are expected to last at least 3 years under normal use condit...

    Authors: Olivier Briet, Hannah Koenker, Laura Norris, Ryan Wiegand, Jodi Vanden Eng, Alex Thackeray, John Williamson, John E. Gimnig, Filomeno Fortes, Martin Akogbeto, Anges W. Yadouleton, Maurice Ombok, M. Nabie Bayoh, Themba Mzilahowa, Ana Paula Abílio, Samuel Mabunda…

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:310

    Content type: Research

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  33. The Plasmodium falciparum sexual-stage surface proteins Pfs25 and Pfs230 are antigen candidates for a malaria transmission-blocking vaccine (TBV), and have been widely investigated as such. It is not clear whethe...

    Authors: Wei-Chiao Huang, Bingbing Deng, Moustafa T. Mabrouk, Amal Seffouh, Joaquin Ortega, Carole Long, Kazutoyo Miura, Yimin Wu and Jonathan F. Lovell

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:309

    Content type: Research

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  34. Malaria is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among children under 5 years in Malawi, and especially among those from rural areas of central Malawi. The goal of this study was to examine the prevalence...

    Authors: Emmanuel Chilanga, Delphine Collin-Vézina, Heather MacIntosh, Claudia Mitchell and Katrina Cherney

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:308

    Content type: Research

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  35. Malaria antigen-specific antibodies and polymorphisms in host receptors involved in antibody functionality have been associated with different outcomes of Plasmodium falciparum infections. Thus, to identify key p...

    Authors: Duah Dwomoh, Bright Adu, Daniel Dodoo, Michael Theisen, Samuel Iddi and Thomas A. Gerds

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:307

    Content type: Research

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  36. The monkey parasite Plasmodium knowlesi is an emerging public health issue in Southeast Asia. In Sabah, Malaysia, P. knowlesi is now the dominant cause of human malaria. Molecular detection methods for P. knowles...

    Authors: Nor Afizah Nuin, Angelica F. Tan, Yao Long Lew, Kim A. Piera, Timothy William, Giri S. Rajahram, Jenarun Jelip, Jiloris F. Dony, Rashidah Mohammad, Daniel J. Cooper, Bridget E. Barber, Nicholas M. Anstey, Tock H. Chua and Matthew J. Grigg

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:306

    Content type: Research

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  37. 125 million women are pregnant each year in malaria endemic areas and are, therefore, at risk of Malaria in Pregnancy (MiP). MiP is the direct consequence of Plasmodium infection during pregnancy. The sequestrati...

    Authors: Guluma Tadesse, Claire Kamaliddin, Cody Doolan, Ranmalee Amarasekara, Ruth Legese, Abu Naser Mohon, James Cheaveau, Delenasaw Yewhalaw and Dylan R. Pillai

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:305

    Content type: Research

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  38. Currently, artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) is the first-line anti-malarial treatment in malaria-endemic areas. However, resistance in Plasmodium falciparum to artemisinin-based combinations emerging i...

    Authors: Yanrui Wu, Myat Thut Soe, Pyae Linn Aung, Luyi Zhao, Weilin Zeng, Lynette Menezes, Zhaoqing Yang, Myat Phone Kyaw and Liwang Cui

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:304

    Content type: Research

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  39. The intra-erythrocytic development of the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum depends on the uptake of a number of essential nutrients from the host cell and blood plasma. It is widely recognized that the para...

    Authors: Sarah El Chamy Maluf, Marcelo Yudi Icimoto, Pollyana Maria Saud Melo, Alexandre Budu, Rita Coimbra, Marcos Leoni Gazarini and Adriana Karaoglanovic Carmona

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:302

    Content type: Research

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  40. Botswana has in the recent past 10 years made tremendous progress in the control of malaria and this informed re-orientation from malaria control to malaria elimination by the year 2020. This progress is attri...

    Authors: Tefo Kesaobaka Kgoroebutswe, Ntebaleng Makate, Ulrike Fillinger, Mandla Mpho, Godira Segoea, Peter Onyango Sangoro, Clifford Maina Mutero, Emmanuel Chanda, Davies Ntebela, Mpho Mogopa, Tjantilili Mosweunyane and Theresia Estomih Nkya

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:301

    Content type: Case study

    Published on:

  41. Histidine-rich protein-2 (HRP2)-based rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) are the only RDTs recommended for malaria diagnosis in Uganda. However, the emergence of Plasmodium falciparum histidine rich protein 2 and 3 (p...

    Authors: Agaba B. Bosco, Karen Anderson, Karryn Gresty, Christiane Prosser, David Smith, Joaniter I. Nankabirwa, Sam Nsobya, Adoke Yeka, Jimmy Opigo, Samuel Gonahasa, Rhoda Namubiru, Emmanuel Arinaitwe, Paul Mbaka, John Kissa, Sungho Won, Bora Lee…

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:300

    Content type: Research

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  42. Plasmodium vivax has been largely neglected over the past century, despite a widespread recognition of its burden across region where it is endemic. The parasite invades reticulocytes, employing the interaction b...

    Authors: Lemu Golassa, Lucas Amenga-Etego, Eugenia Lo and Alfred Amambua-Ngwa

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:299

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  43. Despite noticeable improvement in anti-malarial treatment, rapid growth of resistant malaria strains points out the need for continuous development of novel anti-malarials to fight the disastrous infection. Ha...

    Authors: Dao Ngoc Hien Tam, Gehad Mohamed Tawfik, Amr Ehab El-Qushayri, Ghaleb Muhammad Mehyar, Sedralmontaha Istanbuly, Sedighe Karimzadeh, Vo Linh Tu, Ranjit Tiwari, Truong Van Dat, Phuong Thuy Viet Nguyen, Kenji Hirayama and Nguyen Tien Huy

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:298

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  44. Long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) are the most widely deployed vector control intervention in sub-Saharan Africa to prevent malaria. Recent reports indicate selection of pyrethroid insecticide resistance ...

    Authors: Jacklin F. Mosha, Eliud Lukole, J. Derek Charlwood, Alexandra Wright, Mark Rowland, Olivia Bullock, Alphaxard Manjurano, William Kisinza, Franklin W. Mosha, Immo Kleinschmidt and Natacha Protopopoff

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:297

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  45. PCR can be positive weeks after effective malaria treatment, potentially leading to over diagnose of recrudescence and re-infections. The DNA detected by PCR post-treatment might stem from residuals of destroy...

    Authors: Christel Gill Haanshuus and Kristine Mørch

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:296

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  46. The identification of asymptomatic individuals with Plasmodium falciparum infection is difficult because they do not seek medical treatment and often have too few asexual parasites detectable using microscopy or ...

    Authors: Trevor A. Thompson, Mahamoudou B. Touré, Daouda Sanogo, Jeffrey G. Shaffer, Seydou O. Doumbia and Donald J. Krogstad

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:295

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  47. Fever in under-five children (U5) is the commonest presenting complaint in general practice and mothers’ recognition is an entry point for fever treatment, including malaria. This study describes rural–urban d...

    Authors: Obafemi J. Babalola, Olufemi Ajumobi and IkeOluwapo O. Ajayi

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:294

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  48. Ségou Region in central Mali is an area of high malaria burden with seasonal transmission. The region reports high access to and use of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs), though the principal vector, Anophel...

    Authors: Joseph Wagman, Idrissa Cissé, Diakalkia Kone, Seydou Fomba, Erin Eckert, Jules Mihigo, Elie Bankineza, Mamadou Bah, Diadier Diallo, Christelle Gogue, Kenzie Tynuv, Andrew Saibu, Jason H. Richardson, Christen Fornadel, Laurence Slutsker and Molly Robertson

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:293

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  49. Artesunate plus sulfadoxine–pyrimethamine (ASP) is first-line treatment for uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in most of India, except for six North-eastern provinces where treatment failure rates were ...

    Authors: Ashish Pathak, Andreas Mårtensson, Sudhir Gawariker, Ashish Sharma, Vishal Diwan, Manju Purohit and Johan Ursing

    Citation: Malaria Journal 2020 19:290

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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